Beautiful Africa

Majorca

Majorca or Mallorca (Catalan: Mallorca [m?k?, m?c?]; Spanish: Mallorca [maorka])[1] is an island located in the Mediterranean Sea. It is the largest island in the Balearic Islands archipelago, in Spain. The capital of the island, Palma, is also the capital of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands. The Cabrera Archipelago is administratively grouped with Majorca (in the municipality of Palma). The anthem of Majorca is La Balanguera. Like the other Balearic Islands of Minorca, Ibiza, and Formentera, the island is an extremely popular holiday destination, particularly for tourists from the United Kingdom, Germany, Ireland, Poland, and the Scandinavian countries. The name derives from Latin insula maior, "larger island"; later Maiorica, "the larger one" in comparison to Minorca, "the smaller one". Founding of Majorca [edit]Prehistoric settlements Little is recorded on the earliest inhabitants of the island. Burial chambers and traces of habitation from the Paleolithic period (6000–4000 BCE) have been discovered, particularly the prehistoric settlements called talaiots, or talayots. They are Bronze Age megaliths forming part of the Talaiotic Culture. A non-exhaustive list is the following: Example of prehistoric talaiot in Majorca Capocorb Vell (Llucmajor municipality) Necropoli de Son Real (east of Can Picafort, Santa Margalida municipality) Novetiforme Alemany (Magaluf, Calvia) Poblat Talaiotic de S’Illot (S’Illot, Sant Llorenc des Cardassar municipality) P

blat Talaiotic de Son Fornes (Montuiri municipality) Sa Canova de Morell (road to Colonia de Sant Pere, Arta municipality) Ses Paisses (Arta municipality) Ses Talaies de Can Jordi (Santanyi municipality) S’Hospitalet Vell (road to Cales de Mallorca, Manacor municipality) Ruins of the Roman city of Pollentia [edit]Roman Empire and Late Antiquity The island was occupied by the Romans in 123 BCE under Quintus Caecilius Metellus Balearicus. It flourished under Roman rule, during which time the towns of Pollentia (Alcudia), and Palmaria (Palma) were founded. In addition, the northern town of Bocchoris, dating back to pre-Roman times, was a federated city to Rome.[2] The local economy was largely driven by olive cultivation, viticulture, and salt mining. Majorcan soldiers[3] were valued within the Roman legions for their skill with the sling. In 427, Gunderic and the Vandals captured the island. Geiseric, son of Gunderic, governed Majorca, using it as his base to loot and plunder the Mediterranean.[4] It was annexed to their kingdom in 465. [edit]Middle Age and Modern History [edit]Dark Ages In 534, Majorca was conquered by the Byzantine Empire, led by Apollinarius, and administered as part of the province of Sardinia (see also Gymnesian Islands). Under Byzantine rule, Christianity flourished and numerous churches were built. From 707, the island was increasingly attacked by Muslim raiders from North Africa. Recurrent invasions led the islanders to petition Charlemagne for help.